2009 international residential code pdf free

A dual-code rugby international is a rugby footballer who has played at the senior international level in both rugby league and rugby union. New Zealand and Australia in 1908 and consequently a number of the top-class rugby league pioneers had been star players in the rugby union code. Accordingly, a high proportion of Australia and New Zealand’s dual-code rugby internationals played in rugby league’s formative years in those countries. From 1910 through to 1995, dual-code internationals were infrequent and with the single exception of Karl Ifwersen, the player had always first appeared as a union international before shifting to league due to strict “black-banning” applied by 2009 international residential code pdf free administrators to those players who crossed to the professional code.


In 1995 rugby union itself turned professional and the tide of switches began to reverse. Since then generally all cross-code representatives have debuted internationally in league before being lured to union where there is now the allure of a larger international competitive arena. Although pre-1995 there were many notable forwards who made the union to league switch.

The following is an incomplete list of dual-code internationals, listed by country. Qualifying on residency, New Zealand-born Jack Nielsen became Hong Kong’s first dual-code international when the Hong Kong rugby league team played their first ever international match in November 2017.