Another version of this PDCA cycle is OPDCA. The added “O” stands for observation or check 21 act pdf some versions say: “Observe the current condition.
This emphasis on observation and current condition has currency with the literature on lean manufacturing and the Toyota Production System. This section contains instructions, advice, or how-to content. The purpose of Wikipedia is to present facts, not to train. Please help improve this article either by rewriting the how-to content or by moving it to Wikiversity, Wikibooks or Wikivoyage.
By establishing output expectations, the completeness and accuracy of the specification is also a part of the targeted improvement. When possible start on a small scale to test possible effects.
According to design and layout, carry out specific operation, implement the plan content. Look for deviation in implementation from the plan and also look for the appropriateness and completeness of the plan to enable the execution, i. Charting data can make this much easier to see trends over several PDCA cycles and in order to convert the collected data into information.
Information is needed for the next step: act. PDCA was made popular by W. The PDSA cycle was used to create the model of know-how transfer process, and other models.