Last row: infinite knot, victory banner and wheel. The Ashtamangala are a handbook of treasure signs and symbols pdf suite of Eight Auspicious Signs endemic to a number of Indian religions such as Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism.
Many cultural enumerations and variations of the Ashtamangala are extant. Groupings of eight auspicious symbols were originally used in India at ceremonies such as an investiture or coronation of a king. An early grouping of symbols included: throne, swastika, handprint, hooked knot, vase of jewels, water libation flask, pair of fishes, lidded bowl.
In Buddhism, these eight symbols of good fortune represent the offerings made by the gods to Shakyamuni Buddha immediately after he gained enlightenment. Tibetan Buddhists make use of a particular set of eight auspicious symbols, ashtamangala, in household and public art. Indian mythical epics relate heroes carrying conch shells. Panchajanya meaning “having control over the five classes of beings”.
In Hinduism, the conch is an attribute of Vishnu along with the Sudarshana Chakra. Vaishnavism holds that Gautama Buddha is an avatar of Vishnu. It is a symbol of the ultimate unity of everything. This knot, net or web metaphor also conveys the Buddhist teaching of interpenetration.