Agriculture and land use in Pakistan. Pakistan’s principal natural resources are land reforms in pakistan pdf land and water. In Pakistan, the most agricultural province is Punjab where wheat and cotton are the most grown.
Mango orchards are mostly found in Sindh and Punjab provinces that make Pakistan the world’s 4th largest producer of mangoes. They cultivated six-row barley, einkorn and emmer wheat, jujubes and dates, and herded sheep, goats and cattle.
The site was occupied continuously until about 2655 BC. The size and prosperity of the Indus civilization grew as a result of this innovation, which eventually led to more planned settlements making use of drainage and sewers. Sophisticated irrigation and water storage systems were developed by the Indus Valley Civilization, including artificial reservoirs at Girnar dated to 3000 BCE, and an early canal irrigation system from circa 2600 BCE.
Archeological evidence of an animal-drawn plough dates back to 2500 BC in the Indus Valley Civilization. All agricultural affairs and activities in Pakistan are overseen and regulated by the Ministry of Agriculture.
Pakistan is one of the world’s largest producers and suppliers of food and crops according to the different sources. Pakistan ranks eighth worldwide in farm output, according to the List of countries by GDP sector composition. Pakistan’s largest food crop is wheat. The country had harvested more than 25 to 23 million tons of wheat in 2012.
Pakistan has also cut the use of dangerous pesticides dramatically. Pakistan is a net food exporter, except in occasional years when its harvest is adversely affected by droughts.
The country is Asia’s largest camel market, second-largest apricot and ghee market and third-largest cotton, onion and milk market. Following the poor harvest of 1993, the government introduced agriculture assistance policies, including increased support prices for many agricultural commodities and expanded availability of agricultural credit. From 1993 to 1997, real growth in the agricultural sector averaged 5.