Dogme language teaching is considered to be both a methodology and a principles of teaching 2 pdf. Dogme is a communicative approach to language teaching that encourages teaching without published textbooks and focuses instead on conversational communication among learners and teacher.
It has its roots in an article by the language education author, Scott Thornbury. Dogme has ten key principles.
Interactivity: the most direct route to learning is to be found in the interactivity between teachers and students and amongst the students themselves. Emergence: language and grammar emerge from the learning process.
This is seen as distinct from the ‘acquisition’ of language. Affordances: the teacher’s role is to optimize language learning affordances through directing attention to emergent language. Voice: the learner’s voice is given recognition along with the learner’s beliefs and knowledge.
Empowerment: students and teachers are empowered by freeing the classroom of published materials and textbooks. Critical use: teachers and students should use published materials and textbooks in a critical way that recognizes their cultural and ideological biases. There are three precepts that emerge from the ten key principles. Conversation is seen as central to language learning within the Dogme framework, because it is the “fundamental and universal form of language” and so is considered to be “language at work”.
Since real life conversation is more interactional than it is transactional, Dogme places more value on communication that promotes social interaction. Dogme considers that the learning of a skill is co-constructed within the interaction between the learner and the teacher.
In this sense, teaching is a conversation between the two parties. The Dogme approach considers that student-produced material is preferable to published materials and textbooks, to the extent of inviting teachers to take a ‘vow of chastity’ and not use textbooks. Dogme teaching has therefore been criticized as not offering teachers the opportunity to use a complete range of materials and resources. However there is a debate to the extent that Dogme is actually anti-textbook or anti-technology.