1950s, describes the attribution of the rapid expansion of the US inmate population to the political influence of private prison companies and businesses that supply prison industrial complex pdf and services to government prison agencies for profit. The most common and prominent agents of the PIC are corporations that contract cheap prison labor, construction companies, surveillance technology vendors, companies that operate prison food services and medical facilities, private probation companies, lawyers, and lobby groups that represent them.
The term also refers to the network of participants who prioritize personal financial gain over ensuring one’s debt to society is adequately paid or rehabilitating criminals. Such advocacy groups assert that incentivizing the construction of more prisons with the potential for profitability will encourage the notion of incarceration to increase profits and doubtlessly lead to the unjust and lengthy incarceration of millions more citizens, affecting people of color at disproportionately high rates. Following the War on Drugs and the passing of harsher sentencing legislature, private sector prisons began to emerge to keep up with the rapidly expanding prison population.
This program legalized the transportation of prison-made goods across state lines as well as allows prison inmates to earn market wages in private sector jobs that can go towards tax deductions, victim compensation, family support, and room and board. The PIECP, ALEC, and Prison-Industries Act were created with the goal of motivating state and local governments to create employment opportunities that mimic private sector work, generate services that allow offenders to contribute to society, offset the cost of their incarceration, improve inmate idleness, cultivate job skills, and improve the success rates of transition back into the community after release. Before these programs, prison labor for the private sector had been outlawed for decades to avoid competition. The introduction of prison labor in the private sector, the implementation of PIECP, ALEC, and Prison-Industries Act in state prisons all contributed a substantial role in cultivating the prison-industrial complex.
Nashville businessmen and would grow to become one of the oldest and largest for-profit private prison companies in America, laying the groundwork for a transformation in layout of corrections facilities across the country. The 58 was established with the goal of creating public-private partnerships in corrections by substituting government shortcomings with more efficient solutions.