The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article, discuss the issue on the talk page, or create a new article, as scott cunningham a guide for the solitary practitioner pdf. It may be marked physically, drawn in salt or chalk, for example, or merely visualised.
Its spiritual significance is similar to that of mandala and yantra in some Eastern religions. A solomonic magic circle with a triangle of conjuration in the east. This would be drawn on the ground, and the operator would stand within the protection of the circle while a spirit was conjured into the triangle. Traditionally, circles were believed by ritual magicians to form a protective barrier between themselves and what they summoned.
In modern times, practitioners generally cast magic circles to contain and concentrate the energy they raise during a ritual. There are many published techniques for casting a circle, and many groups and individuals have their own unique methods. The common feature of these practices is that a boundary is traced around the working area. Some witchcraft traditions say that one must trace around the circle deosil three times.
There is variation over which direction one should start in. Circles may or may not be physically marked out on the ground, and a variety of elaborate patterns for circle markings can be found in grimoires and magical manuals, often involving angelic and divine names.
Such markings, or a simple unadorned circle, may be drawn in chalk or salt, or indicated by other means such as with a cord. The four cardinal directions are often prominently marked, such as with four candles. Other ceremonial traditions have candles between the quarters, i. Often, an incantation will be recited stating the purpose and nature of the circle, often repeating an assortment of divine and angelic names.
In Wicca, a magic circle is typically nine feet in diameter, though the size can vary depending on the purpose of the circle, and the preference of the caster. The common technique for raising energy within the circle is by means of a cone of power. The barrier is believed to be fragile, so that leaving or passing through the circle would weaken or dispel it. This is referred to as “breaking the circle”.
It is generally advised that practitioners do not leave the circle unless absolutely necessary. In order to leave a circle and keep it intact, Wiccans believe a door must be cut in the energy of the circle, normally on the East side. Whatever was used to cast the circle is used to cut the doorway, such as a sword, staff or knife, a doorway is “cut” in the circle, at which point anything may pass through without harming the circle.
This opening must be closed afterwards by “reconnecting” the lines of the circle. This is called closing the circle or releasing the circle. The term “opening” is often used, representing the idea the circle has been expanded and dissipated rather than closed in on itself.
Jung comments on a significant dream of Wolfgang Pauli where a snake describes a spellbinding magic circle about the dreamer, establishing a protected temenos. Wicca: A Guide for the Solitary Practitioner, 29th edition, Llewellyn Publications. Wicca: A Guide for the Solitary Practitioner.
Buckland’s Complete Book of Witchcraft. Buckland’s Complete Book of Witchcraft.