For other uses of “T-S diagram”, see Temperature entropy diagram. Sugano diagrams are used in coordination chemistry to predict absorptions in the UV, visible and IR electromagnetic spectrum of coordination compounds. Sugano diagram analysis of a metal tanabe sugano diagram pdf can also be compared to experimental spectroscopic data.
They are qualitatively useful and can be used to approximate the value of 10Dq, the ligand field splitting energy. Sugano diagrams can be used for both high spin and low spin complexes, unlike Orgel diagrams, which apply only to high spin complexes. Sugano diagrams can also be used to predict the size of the ligand field necessary to cause high-spin to low-spin transitions. Sugano diagram, the ground state is used as a constant reference, in contrast to Orgel diagrams.
The energy of the ground state is taken to be zero for all field strengths, and the energies of all other terms and their components are plotted with respect to the ground term. Until Yukito Tanabe and Satoru Sugano published their paper “On the absorption spectra of complex ions”, in 1954, little was known about the excited electronic states of complex metal ions.
They used Hans Bethe’s crystal field theory and Giulio Racah’s linear combinations of Slater integrals, now called Racah parameters, to explain the absorption spectra of octahedral complex ions in a more quantitative way than had been achieved previously. Many spectroscopic experiments later, they estimated the values for two of Racah’s parameters, B and C, for each d-electron configuration based on the trends in the absorption spectra of isoelectronic first-row transition metals.
Sugano diagram is expressed in terms of the ligand field splitting parameter, Dq, or Δ, divided by the Racah parameter B. The y-axis is in terms of energy, E, also scaled by B.