Human resource management regards training and development as training and development notes pdf function concerned with organizational activity aimed at bettering the job performance of individuals and groups in organizational settings. Training and development can be described as “an educational process which involves the sharpening of skills, concepts, changing of attitude and gaining more knowledge to enhance the performance of employees”. The field has gone by several names, including “Human Resource Development”, “Human Capital Development” and “Learning and Development”. The name of the discipline has been debated, with the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development in 2000 arguing that “human resource development” is too evocative of the master-slave relationship between employer and employee for those who refer to their employees as “partners” or “associates” to feel comfortable with.
Eventually, the CIPD settled upon “learning and development”, although that was itself not free from problems, “learning” being an over-general and ambiguous name, and most organizations referring to it as “training and development”. Training and development encompasses three main activities: training, education, and development.
Training: This activity is both focused upon, and evaluated against, the job that an individual currently holds. Education: This activity focuses upon the jobs that an individual may potentially hold in the future, and is evaluated against those jobs.
Development: This activity focuses upon the activities that the organization employing the individual, or that the individual is part of, may partake in the future, and is almost impossible to evaluate. The “stakeholders” in training and development are categorized into several classes. The sponsors of training and development are senior managers. The clients of training and development are business planners.